Farm system characterization of two municipalities in the Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Landscape


World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)


Carreño-Rocabado Geovana, Cerda Rolando, Oblitas Samuel, Ordoñez Jenny, and Somarriba Eduardo


The purpose of this survey was to characterize family farming systems in the Nicaragua north central region. Household survey was carried on in 90 farms from El-Tuma La Dalia and Waslala. Five most dominant land types were studied for each farm system: cacao plantations, coffee plantations, basic grains, pastures, and patios was collected. The following information was collected based on structured interview to the household head or farm manager:

a) General information of the property: location of the farm, long owning property, land uses, number of farms, cooperatives or links to projects related to agricultural activity.
b) Household composition: household members, age, sex, education, outside farm economic activities.
c) Food security: food origin, difficulty to feed the family long one calendar year, and cost of food over the last year (product, quantity, price and period).
d) General characteristics of the farm: farm diversification, type of productive systems, type of crop, area, livestock.
e) General characteristics of land use: area, previous use, years of managing the use, planting distance, seeded varieties.
f) Productivity: crop yields and animal production, maximum historical production, minimal production and normal (most common).
g) Livestock and crop management: cropping activities and periodicity, type and quantity of inputs (fertilizers, man labor, etc.)
h) Agroecological practices: associations, rotations, etc., soil and water practices conservation.
i) Farm income and marketing products.


activities, age, agricultural management, agricultural sciences, agro-ecological intensification, agrodiversity, agroecological intensification, area, associations, cocoa, coffee, composition, cooperatives, diversification, education, farm systems, farming, farms, fertilizers, head, income, information, inputs, intensification, labor, land, landscape, livestock, location, management, management sciences, marketing, nicaragua, origin, pasture, pastures, periodicity, plantations, planting, production, productivity, products, projects, property, sciences, sex, soil, systems, uses, varieties, water, and yields





country, Honduras, and Nicaragua


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