Uganda−Policies for Improved Land Management Dataset, 1999-2001

This survey was conducted during the “Policies for Improved Land Management Project in Uganda, 1999-2003.” The long term objective of the project was to contribute to improved land management in Uganda, in order to increase agricultural productivity, reduce poverty and ensure sustainable use of natural resources, with an immediate purpose of helping policy makers identify and assess policy, institutional and technological strategies to improve land management.

The questionnaires were administered to 107 communities, the lowest administrative units in Uganda called Local Council 1 or LC1. The study region covered most of Uganda, including more densely populated and more secure areas in the southwest, central, eastern and parts of the north, representing seven of the nine major farming systems of the country. Within the study region, communities were selected using a stratified random sample, with the stratification based on population density and development domains defined by the different agro-ecological and market access zones. One hundred villages were selected in this way. Additional communities were purposely selected in southwest Uganda, where the African Highlands Initiative is conducting research, and in Iganga district, where the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) is conducting research.

Topics covered in the LC1 survey included community concerns and priorities, establishment and change of local council boundaries, population change, use of local council revenue, infrastructure and services, programs and organizations, land rights, and collective resource management.

Usually, each LC1 had one village, i.e. a cluster of households living in the neighborhood. In the case where the LC1 had more than one village, a village was randomly selected for the village level survey. Topics in the village survey included livelihood strategies, land use, land tenure and land markets, labor, wage rates and credit, crop production, commercialization and management, livestock management and commercialization, tree product and commercialization. In both the LC1 and village surveys, interviews were conducted with a group of representative people from each selected community.

A 2000 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the Slovak Republic

Slovak Republic is in process of transformation from a centrally planned to a market economy. It is a process that requires constant development and adjustment of various systems, including the national statistics. Integration into the European Union (EU) evokes the need to standardize the system of national accounts with those utilized in other EU countries. This work attempts to provide a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the Slovak Republic for the year 2000. A SAM is an excellent descriptive tool, showing in detail the structure of an existing national economy. It provides important information on individual industrial sector size, behavior, and interaction with the rest of the economy, and a link with the foreign world. It is a necessary tool for Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) modeling. Data construction in this work generally follows the standard procedures suggested by the United Nations and Eurostat. The process in particular transforms Supply and Use tables into a symmetric Input-Output table, and once again, it is transformed into the symmetric SAM. This paper discusses the organization, methodology, arrangement and estimation of data and constructs a detailed SAM, extended by additional macroeconomic data, such as Labor Supply or Stocks of Fixed Capital.

Collective Action in Canal Irrigation Systems Management: The Case of Doho Rice Scheme in Uganda, 2001

The study that the Collective Action in Canal Irrigation Systems Management: The Case of Doho Rice Scheme in Uganda, 2001 survey data was collected for examines the extent and determinants of farmer participation in the collective maintenance of Doho Rice Scheme (DRS) and compliance in paying mandated irrigation fees. Existing regulations and incentives for participation in collective action are also examined.

The objective of this study is to determine the extent of farmers’ participation in the collective action of maintaining the DRS canals after the transfer of the responsibility from the government, and to identify factors influencing farmers participation and compliance with a user-fee payment bylaw. The study was conducted at the DRS in Tororo District, Uganda through a survey of 411 households that produced rice in the first or second crop seasons in 2001.