Africa RISING Project: Local knowledge of farmers on constraints and opportunities to sustainable intensification of tree-crop-livestock mixed systems in Basona Woreda, Amhara region, Ethiopia

Conducted under the AfricaRISING project, the overall objective of the study was to characterize local knowledge of farmers about resources which their livelihood depends on in Basona woreda, Amhara region. This research is one of the several studies that are geared towards contributing to the achievement of sustainable tree-crop-livestock intensification as a pillar for the Ethiopian Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative by providing opportunities for integrating early win tree species and management options in fields, farms and landscapes customized to local conditions and circumstances. Therefore, the main goal of the study was to identify opportunities through which trees-crop-livestock mixed system can be sustainably intensified to contribute towards achieving whole System Level Outcomes (SLO’s) namely: reducing rural poverty and promoting income diversification, improving food security, improving nutrition and health and ensuring sustainable management of natural resources. Specific objectives of the study were: 1. To assess land use and livelihood strategies at the household level 2. To identify and map out community resources 3. To determine temporal variation in availability of provisioning resources (livestock feed, crops, income, fuel, etc.) 4. To characterize existing tree cover and assess the drivers of land use/ tree cover change 5. To identify existing challenges and assess opportunities for sustainable intensification

Africa RISING Project: Local knowledge of farmers on constraints and opportunities to sustainable intensification of tree-crop-livestock mixed systems in Lemo Woreda, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia

Conducted under the AfricaRISING project, the overall objective of the study was to characterize local knowledge of farmers about resources which their livelihood depends on in Lemo woreda, Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR). This research is one of the several studies that are geared towards contributing to the achievement of sustainable tree-crop-livestock intensification as a pillar for the Ethiopian Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative by providing opportunities for integrating early win tree species and management options in fields, farms and landscapes customized to local conditions and circumstances. Therefore, the main goal of the study was to identify opportunities through which trees-crop-livestock mixed system can be sustainably intensified to contribute towards achieving whole System Level Outcomes (SLO’s) namely: reducing rural poverty and promoting income diversification, improving food security, improving nutrition and health and ensuring sustainable management of natural resources. Specific objectives of the study were: 1. To assess land use and livelihood strategies at the household level 2. To identify and map out community resources 3. To determine temporal variation in availability of provisioning resources (livestock feed, crops, income, fuel, etc.) 4. To characterize existing tree cover and assess the drivers of land use/ tree cover change 5. To identify existing challenges and assess opportunities for sustainable intensification

Africa RISING project: Local agro-ecological knowledge as a basis for sustainable intensification of tree- crop- livestock systems in the Ethiopian highlands: Sinana Woreda, Oromo Region

This study provides results from local knowledge studies conducted in Sinana woreda, Oromo region. The local knowledge was used as a means of understanding fine-scale variation in a non-homogenous smallholder system in the wheat-belt of the Ethiopian highlands. The research was supported through the USAID funded project Africa RISING (Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation). The project was launched as part of the US government’s Feed the Future initiative to address global hunger and food security issues in key farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was focussed on identifying existing sustainable intensive agricultural methods in Sinana woreda, Oromo region. The study also collected local knowledge on agricultural methods so as to assist in the development and implementation of appropriately adapted technologies to intensify production of crops, livelihood and household production without extending the areas subject to cultivation.   The research objectives of the study were: · To characterize agro-ecological knowledge of farmers in the Africa RISING project sites · To identify and map out community resources · To assess land use and livelihood strategies at the household level · To characterise existing tree cover and assess the drivers of tree cover change · To determine temporal variation in availability of provisioning services (income, fuel, livestock feed, crops, labour.)

Trees for Food Security Project – Baseline Data

The aim of this project is to enhance food security for resource-poor rural people in Eastern Africa through research that underpins national programmes to scale up the use of trees within farming systems in Ethiopia and Rwanda and then scale out successes to relevant agro-ecological zones in Uganda and Burundi.

The specific objectives of the project are:

  1. To characterize target farming landscapes and systems, and develop tools for matching species and management options to
    sites and circumstances.
  2. To generalize predictions of impacts of tree species and management on crop productivity, water resources and nutrients at field, farm and landscape scales to inform scaling up to improve food security and reduce climate risk.
  3. To develop effective methods and enabling environments for scaling up and out the adoption of trees on farms.
  4. To develop databases and tools for monitoring and evaluation of the impact of scaling up and out the adoption
    of trees on farms.
  5. To enhance capacity and connectivity of national partner institutions (including farmer groups) in developing and promoting locally appropriate options for adoption of farm trees.