AfricaRISING Project- Local agro-ecological knowledge as a basis for sustainable intensification of tree- crop- livestock systems in the Ethiopian highlands: Sinana Woreda, Oromo Region

This study provides results from local knowledge studies conducted in Endamahoni woreda, Tigray region, Ethiopia. The local knowledge was used as a means of understanding fine-scale variation in a non-homogeneous smallholder system in the wheat-belt of the Ethiopian highlands. The research was supported through the USAID funded project Africa RISING (Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation). The project was launched as part of the US government’s Feed the Future initiative to address global hunger and food security issues in key farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was focused on identifying existing sustainable intensive agricultural methods. The study also collected local knowledge on agricultural methods so as to assist in the development and implementation of appropriately adapted technologies to intensify production of crops, livelihood and household production without extending the areas subject to cultivation. Research Objectives The research objectives of the study were: · To characterize agro-ecological knowledge of farmers in the Africa RISING project sites · To identify and map out community resources · To assess land use and livelihood strategies at the household level · To characterize existing tree cover and assess the drivers of tree cover change · To determine temporal variation in availability of provisioning services (income, fuel, livestock feed, crops, labor.)

Seven Modules on Nutrition Developed by AVRDC, AMEDD and ICRISAT

The topics treated during the nutrition field school sessions were (1) nutrition of children between six and 24 months and preparation of enriched porridge using whole grain millet, (2) nutrition of pregnant and breast feeding (nursing) mothers and preparation of enriched peanut sauce and (3) auto-diagnostic of nutritional status of children between 6 months and 5 years and prevention of Vitamin A, iron and iodine deficiency (4) Food needs of sick children and the preparation of sorghum porridge enriched with legumes; (5) Food Groups: Proteins and preparation of enriched leaf sauce; (6) Food groups that provide energy: Carbohydrates and lipids, and cooking of Laro; (7) Food Groups: Vitamins and minerals and preparation of ‘to’ from soyabean flour. During each session the essential hygiene and nutrition messages, as identified by the Helen Keller International were also repeated.

About the project

Project title: Sustainable Intensification of Key Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of West Africa

Project abstract

As part of the Feed the Future Initiative, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting an innovative multi-stakeholder agricultural research program, the Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING). The program’s main objective is to identify and validate scalable options for the sustainable intensification of key African cereal-based farming systems to increase food production and improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and at the same time conserve or improve the natural resource base.

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Project start date: 01/01/2011

Project end date : 12/31/2016