Household survey was conducted by International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) as part of CGIAR research program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Karnal district of Haryana state and Vaishali district of Bihar state in India. The overall aim is to identify high-yield low-emission development pathways in cereal production systems. To achieve this, specific objectives are as follows: (i) to identify various technologies and farm management practices that influence GHG emissions and (ii) to explore household socio-economic factors that determine the adoption of low-emission technologies and management practices at the farm level. The information collected through questionnaire was crop production, socio-economic and demographic conditions, climate risks in agriculture and adaptation and mitigation measures. The data presented was tillage and crop establishment methods, water management, crop type, N rate (kg/ha), yield (Mg/ha), CO2 emission (kgCO2e/ha), N2O (kgCO2e/ha), CH4 (kgCO2e/ha) and total GWP (kgCO2/ha).