Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014

The Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS), was conducted from August to December 2014 at national level covering all eighteen states. The MICS was designed to collect information on a variety of socioeconomic and health indicators required to inform the planning, implementation and monitoring of national policies and programs for the enhancement of the welfare of women and children.

The survey was carried out by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) in collaboration with the ministries of health, welfare, general education, national environment, and national water cooperation as part of the global MICS program. Technical support was provided by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), World Food Program (WFP) and the Department for International Development (DfID) UK, provided financial support.

MICS surveys measure key indicators that allow countries to generate accurate evidence for use in policies and programs, and to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other internationally agreed upon commitments. The Sudan Multiple Indicator Survey is a nationally representative sample survey. Interviews were successfully completed in 15,801 households drawn from a sample of 18,000 households in all 18 states of Sudan with an overall response rate of 98 percent. 20,327 women in the 15-49 years age group, and 14,751 children under 5 years of age. The specific objectives of the survey is to:

1. Update information for assessing the situation of children and women in Sudan based on MICS5 modules and geographical coverage of the 18 States in Sudan.
2. Measure the trend towards achievement of the MDGs and the goals of a World Fit For Children Plan of Action and other internationally agreed upon indicators related to children and women.
3. Furnish data needed for the indicators as per the global review of the Millennium Development Goals.
4. Contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Sudan and to strengthen technical expertise, national capacity building in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
5. Update Census indicators and provide solid evidence for decentralization (planning and measure of progress).
6. Provide key evidence for social sector programming and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) under development and accountabilities for sector strategic plans and UNDAF 2013-2016.

Results presented in this survey have been reviewed by the national MICS Technical Committee and approved by the national MICS Steering Committee. The results are not expected to change and are considered final.

Sorghum productivity and water use under Phosphorus fertilization in the Sudan savanna of Nigeria

Low soil fertility and water shortage are major constraints to food production and food security in semi-arid environments. Field experiments were conducted during two growing seasons (2014 and 2015) in Nigeria. The study examined the effects of Phosphorus (P) applications on crop transpiration (ETc) water use efficiency (WUE)and agronomy phosphorus use efficiency (APUE) and sorghum productivity. The experiments were arranged in split plot design with five (5) P-fertilizerlevels(0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 kg P205ha-1) as the main plot and threevarieties (CSR01, ICSV400 and local) as sub-plot in four replications.Results showed significant differences (P<0.05) amongthe P levels and sorghum varieties for grain yield in both locations and seasons. P increased grain yield by 19-39% over control treatment.The highest mean yield of 3156 kg ha-1 at Minjibir and 2929 kg ha-1 at BUK indicate optimum yield was recorded at the 45 kgP205ha-1 application rate and significantly higher than P rates at 0, 15 and 30kgha-1 respectively.Grain yield WUE washighly significantamongP-fertilizer levels and varieties, however, no significant differences between P-fertilizer rates for biomass WUE.P-application increased grain WUE of sorghum by 20-39%, the ICSV400 estimated the mean highest value of 9.3 and 8.6 kg ha-1mm-1 over CSR-01 and local at both locations.The study observed that the application of P could be an effective fertilization strategy to enhance sorghum yield and water use in low-rainfall cropping system and drought prone environment.




Experimental location on Google Maps



Scaling-Up Sustainable Cropping Practices: ‘Zia’ and ‘Micro-dosing’

This data study explores raising and sustaining productivity in cereal-legume cropping systems in northern Ghana.

About the project

Project title: AfricaRISING – Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-Based Farming Systems in the Guinea-Sudan-Savanna of Ghana and Mali

Project abstract


In Ghana, Zia has been successfully been introduced on a limited scale to farmers in the East Gonja, East Mamprusi districts in the Northern region and Guru and Builsa district in Upper East region Presbyterian Agricultural Services. However, Zia farming is an innovative technology which involves the burial of manure/organic matter in holes/ pits and planting the crop later on top of the pit. The objectives of this study are to evaluate and disseminate the Zia and fertilizer Micro-dosing techniques on-farm; to undertake cost benefit analysis of the Zia and fertilizer Micro-dosing; to explore the potential increase in grain yield of Zia and fertilizer Micro-dosing over farmers practice in the Africa RISING intervention communities; to undertake comparative analysis of the effect of Zia and fertilizer Micro-dosing on maize,sorghum, and millet.

Project website: http://africa-rising.net/where-we-work/west-africa/

Project start date: 01/06/2014

Project end date : 01/09/2014

Test and Disseminate Technologies to Intensity Vegetable Mono-cropping

This data study explores integrating vegetable into cereal-legume cropping productions systems in Ghana

About the project

Project title:
AfricaRISING – Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-based Farming Systems in the Guinea-Sudan-Savanna of Ghana and Mali

Project abstract

Four vegetable crops will be compared across subsets of 30-50 households in each of the 3 northern regions using two planting densities and they are Amaranth for Upper West Region, Jute Mallow for the Northern region and Roselle for the Upper East region. Three fruit vegetables (Okra in all the regions), African eggplant and tomato in the other two regions and one spice vegetable (Pepper), in all the three regions.

Project website:
http://africa-rising.net

Project start date: 01/06/2014

Project end date : 01/11/2014

Testing and Dissemination of Improve Varieties and Agronomic Practices Using the ‘Mother-Baby’ Approach

This study explores raising and sustaining productivity in cereal-legume cropping systems in northern Ghana

About the project

Project title: AfricaRISING – Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-Based Farming Systems in the Guinea-Sudan-Savanna of Ghana and Mali

Project abstract

In 2013, four mother-baby trials started to test and demonstrate crop variety and combinations of variety and agronomic options will continue for the second year. A split-plot design replicated in 4-6 communities per region will be used in the trials with 30 babies per community for each mother trial.

Project website: https://africa-rising.net/

Project start date: 01/06/2014

Project end date : 01/09/2014

Baseline Survey on Household and Farmer Organization in Bougouni and Koutiala

This data study contains data on the activities by concerned farmer organizations and focuses on household, farmers’ way of life, family members, property and income-generating activities through agriculture and livestock.


About the project

Project title: Sustainable Intensification of Key Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of West Africa

Project abstract

As part of the Feed the Future Initiative, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting an innovative multi-stakeholder agricultural research program, the Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING). The program’s main objective is to identify and validate scalable options for the sustainable intensification of key African cereal-based farming systems to increase food production and improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and at the same time conserve or improve the natural resource base.

Project website: http://africa-rising.net

Project start date: 2011-01-01

Project end date : 2016-12-31

A Survey on Nutrition Related Issues by AVRDC

AVRDC conducted a survey on nutrition related issues, which was planned jointly with ICRISAT. While AVRDC will make the detailed results available as appropriate, the following indications are important for the future development of these research activities; The survey found that women who were participating, or had participated (Year 1) in the Nutrition Field Schools had a much better understanding of mal-nutrition, as well food groups, and food requirements to avoid malnutrition. There appear to be some differences in the recipes on preparing children’s porridges between villages that had training, and those that had not, however, the study was conducted while the training was still going, and so the participants had not fully covered all the topics. The final results of this study will guide further detailed studies.


About the project

Project title: Sustainable Intensification of Key Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of West Africa

Project abstract

As part of the Feed the Future Initiative, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting an innovative multi-stakeholder agricultural research program, the Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING). The program’s main objective is to identify and validate scalable options for the sustainable intensification of key African cereal-based farming systems to increase food production and improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and at the same time conserve or improve the natural resource base.

Project website: http://africa-rising.net

Project start date: 01/01/2011

Project end date : 12/31/2016

Crop Diversification in Maize-Based Cropping System: Maize-Sesame Intercropping

This data study explores raising and sustaining productivity in cereal-legume cropping systems in northern Ghana

About the project

Project title: AfricaRISING – Sustainable intensification of cereal-based farming systems in the Guinea-Sudan-Savanna of Ghana and Mali

Project abstract

Mono-cropping of sesame(Sesame indicum L.) is being promoted for cash to diversify smallholder income in the northern Ghana. The objective of this activity is to evaluate agronomic options for integrating sesame into maize, sorghum, and millet cropping systems. A split-plot design replicated in 3-4 communities per region will be used within row spacing 1 and 2 weeks after planting maize. For the trials, data will be collected on growth of maize and sesame, light interception/leaf area index, weed diversity and biomass, grain yield of maize and sesame, soil temperature, soil moisture, and plant pest and diseases. Output and input will be collected for cost benefit analysis.

Project website: https://africa-rising.net/

Project start date: 01/06/2014

Project end date : 01/10/2014

Seven Modules on Nutrition Developed by AVRDC, AMEDD and ICRISAT

The topics treated during the nutrition field school sessions were (1) nutrition of children between six and 24 months and preparation of enriched porridge using whole grain millet, (2) nutrition of pregnant and breast feeding (nursing) mothers and preparation of enriched peanut sauce and (3) auto-diagnostic of nutritional status of children between 6 months and 5 years and prevention of Vitamin A, iron and iodine deficiency (4) Food needs of sick children and the preparation of sorghum porridge enriched with legumes; (5) Food Groups: Proteins and preparation of enriched leaf sauce; (6) Food groups that provide energy: Carbohydrates and lipids, and cooking of Laro; (7) Food Groups: Vitamins and minerals and preparation of ‘to’ from soyabean flour. During each session the essential hygiene and nutrition messages, as identified by the Helen Keller International were also repeated.

About the project

Project title: Sustainable Intensification of Key Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of West Africa

Project abstract


As part of the Feed the Future Initiative, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting an innovative multi-stakeholder agricultural research program, the Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING). The program’s main objective is to identify and validate scalable options for the sustainable intensification of key African cereal-based farming systems to increase food production and improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and at the same time conserve or improve the natural resource base.

Project website: http://africa-rising.net

Project start date: 01/01/2011

Project end date : 12/31/2016

Mali Africa RISING: Farm Characterization Survey

This data study contains data on the farm characterization survey conducted in the villages of Sirakele, Sibirila, and Dieba.


About the project

Project title: Africa RISING- Research in Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-Based Farming Systems in the Guinea-Sudan-Savanna of West Africa

Project abstract

Sustainable intensification of mixed crop livestock systems is a key pathway towards better food security, improved livelihoods and a healthy environment. As part of the US government’s Feed the Future initiative to address hunger and food security issues in sub-Saharan Africa, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting three multi-stakeholder agricultural research projects to sustainably intensify key African farming systems.

Project website: http://africa-rising.net

Project start date: 01/01/2012

Project end date : 01/01/2014