SUMMARIES: Trees on farm contribution to family livelihoods and ecosystem services in Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Lansdcape

A series of studies conducted as part of the long term research program in the Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Landscape. Since 2015 a series of studies have been developed to understand how trees on farms contribute to conserve biodiversity, ecosystem processes and improvement of people livelihood and food security. The studies have been developed along three Nicaraguan municipalities El Tuma-La Dalia, Waslala and Siuna. 120 farms and 570 land use plots have been measured considering both biophysical and socioeconomic variables. At plot and farm level data was generated to understand taxonomic tree diversity, trees production, soil characteristics, and an extensive information to describe farm management and economic indicators. Complementary, other partner institutions have been also developed studies in a subset of the 120 farms related with gender and farm perception. The present files contain a summary of the type of available data and a complete tree species list. The three files are:
* A compiled and checked species list for trees collected in all plots.
* General description of the 120 farms and their geographic location.
* Type of data available at farm and plot level for 120 farms.

Evaluation of the mitigation potential of the adaptation strategies implemented in the Climate �?? Smart Villages (CSV)

Digital maps of soil loss water erosion in the 2014 and potential the study areas of Popayán – Colombia and Matagalpa – Nicaragua were generated by means of the soil loss equation (USLE / RUSLE), which relates soil properties (percentages of sand, clay, limousines and carbon contents) obtained from secondary information and world map of the world (DSMW), version 3.6 of the FAO (2002), the erosion index of rainfall and runoff with information of the databases of the meteorological stations of the IDEAM and the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER) and of the databases of Global Climate Monitor, types of crops / practices of observation and conservation of ECOHABITAS of the year 2014 of the program of Climate �?? Smart Village (CSV) of Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and topographic conditions from a digital elevation model SRTM of 30 meters resolution

Farm system characterization of two municipalities in the Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Landscape

The purpose of this survey was to characterize family farming systems in the Nicaragua north central region. Household survey was carried on in 90 farms from El-Tuma La Dalia and Waslala. Five most dominant land types were studied for each farm system: cacao plantations, coffee plantations, basic grains, pastures, and patios was collected. The following information was collected based on structured interview to the household head or farm manager:

a) General information of the property: location of the farm, long owning property, land uses, number of farms, cooperatives or links to projects related to agricultural activity.
b) Household composition: household members, age, sex, education, outside farm economic activities.
c) Food security: food origin, difficulty to feed the family long one calendar year, and cost of food over the last year (product, quantity, price and period).
d) General characteristics of the farm: farm diversification, type of productive systems, type of crop, area, livestock.
e) General characteristics of land use: area, previous use, years of managing the use, planting distance, seeded varieties.
f) Productivity: crop yields and animal production, maximum historical production, minimal production and normal (most common).
g) Livestock and crop management: cropping activities and periodicity, type and quantity of inputs (fertilizers, man labor, etc.)
h) Agroecological practices: associations, rotations, etc., soil and water practices conservation.
i) Farm income and marketing products.