Replication Data for: MAMA SASHA Monitoring Data

A step toward improving the supply of nutrient-rich foods in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) was the Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa (SASHA), a five-year action research project led by the International Potato Centre (CIP) designed to improve the food security and livelihoods of poor families by addressing the bottlenecks preventing the full exploitation of sweetpotato’s potential. The agriculture-health linkages proof-of-concept project in Western Province of Kenya, known as Mama SASHA, was one of the SASHA’s proof-of-concept projects. It was implemented in partnership with PATH, a leading non-governmental international organization in health, the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), local agriculture and health government stakeholders in Western Province, and two local implementing NGO agriculture partners, i.e. the Community Research in Environment and Development Initiatives (CREADIS) and the Appropriate Rural Development Agriculture Programme (ARDAP).
The Mama SASHA project was set in Bungoma county in Kenya’s Western Province. The overall project goal was to improve the health status of pregnant women and the nutritional status of children up to two years through an integrated OFSP and health service-delivery strategy. Mama SASHA was integrated into USAID/Kenya AIDS, Population and Health Integrated Assistance Program (APHIA II; then APHIA Plus), which was responsible for improving health services for pregnant women and mother-child pairs across the 2 counties of Bungoma and Busia Thus, the four control group facilities offered the standard APHIAplus training and sensitization on Infant and Young Child Nutrition services, but without the pregnant women’s groups, vouchers, or support for the production of OFSP. The two Kenyan agricultural NGOs, ARDAP and CREADIS, each supported the communities affiliated with two health facilities.
This meta-data focuses on the monitoring data collected over the 5 year period of the intervention. Briefly, the intervention was conducted at two levels with health facilities and communities, the facility catchment area being randomly assigned to either four intervention areas or control areas. In the intervention catchment areas: (1) Health workers (HWs) at the facilities were trained in nutritional benefits of OFSP and vitamin A rich foods in general and nutrition for pregnant and lactating mothers, including topics on breastfeeding and complementary child feeding practices. They subsequently provided pregnant women who came for antenatal and postnatal care services with key nutrition education messages (implemented using a flip-chart with clear designs and messages), including information about OFSP and vouchers to access OFSP vines from community level planting material decentralized vine multipliers (DVMs). (2) At the community level, community health workers (CHWs) were trained in the same topics as HWs, and pregnant women clubs were set up with monthly dialogue sessions facilitated by CHWs. The pregnant women were supplied with OFSP vines if they presented the vouchers to DVMs who were trained in OFSP rapid vine multiplication technique and OFSP production issues. The monitoring data covered activities at both the health and community levels through a collection of forms as highlighted in Impact Pathway document.
Disclaimer: Due to the weakness in assigning unique antenatal care (ANC) number for the beneficiaries, the data therefore inherited that weakness in government system and presented challenges during analysis.

Characterization of Maize Producing Households in Drought Prone Regions of Eastern Africa

Agriculture in eastern Africa is predominantly rainfed and maize is a major food crop, primarily produced for home consumption and the market by small-scale family farms. The study characterized farm households in the drought prone maize growing areas of eastern Africa synthesizing data from parallel household surveys in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The study provides a comparative analysis of the farm households’ assets, livelihood strategies and crop management practices, with an emphasis on maize and maize seed. This illustrates how farmers in a similar agro-ecological environment but with different socio-economic and institutional settings have variously adapted to living with drought and how the inherent weather risk co-determines the livelihood portfolio, agricultural intensification incentives and system development pathways. The study thereby illustrates the challenges for agricultural intensification in such drought prone environments and the scope for drought tolerant maize varieties and explores the research and development implications.

Making Seed Systems and Markets for Vegetatively Propagated Crops (VPCs) Work for the Poor: A Cross-Country Study of Kenya, Nigeria, and Vietnam

Many developing-country farmers cultivating vegetatively propagated crops (VPCs)—crops such as cassava, potato, sweetpotato, and yam—face constrained access to quality planting material. This challenge is distinct from the challenges facing cereal crops, and is associated with both the unique biological and economic nature of vegetative propagation. Although technological solutions exist, there are other limiting factors relating to policies, institutions, and markets that shape VPC seed systems, e.g., quality assurance mechanisms, certification regulations, sanitary and phytosanitary standards, and plant variety protection.

This research project aims to provide actionable evidence on policy and investment options to accelerate seed system and market development in countries where VPCs are important to food security and agricultural development. By taking a collaborative and multidisciplinary approach to the research, the project (1) analyzes current policy initiatives and success factors underpinning models that incentivize cost-effective multiplication and distribution of VPC seed to smallholders; and (2) develops a set of crop-specific case studies in Kenya, Nigeria, and Vietnam that encourage closer consideration of more appropriate policy options. This document provides a brief summary of the project and accompanies the key informant interview guides to collect data for analysis purposes.

Assessing the Potential of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) to Fight Poverty and Foster Innovation in East Africa

This is a unique primary household and community level survey data in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The study was started in 2008/2009 and the data collection took place in selected districts in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The project’s goal was to provide strong evidence to policy makers and other stakeholders in development on the effectiveness of Farmer Field Schools (FFS) in fighting poverty and fostering innovation. The specific objectives of the field data collection were to characterize farm households in terms of poverty and well-being, members-and non- FFS members, on the basis of socio-economic parameters; analyze farmers’ access to agricultural services (markets, credit and extension); and assess household’s level of individual and collective empowerment.

Kenya, Land Tenure, Agricultural Productivity and the Environment: Suba and Laikipia Districts, 2001

The Land Tenure, Agricultural Productivity and the Environment: Suba and Laikipia Districts, Kenya, 2001 dataset accompanies a study that examines the relationships between the land tenure, agricultural productivity, and the environment in order to provide the necessary policy guidelines to the Government and other stakeholders. The study was carried out in two districts, Suba and Laikipia. It is believed that these two districts provide a wide range of tenure systems, cultural backgrounds a
nd agro-ecological diversities on which reasonable policy conclusions can be made.

Specific objectives of this study were:

•Establish the relationship between security of tenure and agricultural productivity;

•Identify and establish the link between security of tenure and investment in environmental conservation and soil fertility enhancement and maintenance;

•Establish the link between tenure system and environmental degradation; and

•Analyze gender relations, land tenure and productivity.

The dataset contains info
rmation on household characteristics such as household income, occupation, socioeconomic background, land characteristics such as parcel size, sale of land, security of access to land, and others including environmental degradation, conservation measures, hired labor, livestock ownership, infrastructure, and access to credit.

The survey was undertaken in 4 sub-locations per district. These were randomly selected from a cluster of 10 sub-locations in each district. Each of these clusters was expected to have almost the same agro-ecological conditions with a wide range of tenure systems. In each selected cluster, a list of the household heads were compiled. The target respondents were then randomly selected from this list. A total of 40 respondents was randomly selected from each cluster (sub-location).