Phenotypic data for the Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) of the International Treaty Project Wheat Exchange Set

The study was conducted as part of International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) Project titled: “Improving food security by enhancing wheat production and its resilience to climate change through maintaining the diversity of currently grown landraces”. The project was successfully conducted in Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey in 2015-2019 and had the following objectives:

1. Participatory selection of drought and heat tolerant wheat landraces among the set of the germplasm recently collected from the farming communities in the target countries using modern phenotyping and genotyping tools in collaboration with farming communities, research institutions, NGOs and extension services.

2. Development of germplasm combining drought and heat tolerance with disease resistance (primarily yellow rust and common as well as leaf and stem rust) through crosses, marker assisted selection and backcrossing to the landraces.

3. Promotion of selected drought and heat tolerant landraces in the targeted regions through enhanced on-farm seed production and bulk selection, improved agronomic practices and large scale awareness campaign.

4. Training of farmers, extension services and local administration, policy-makers, NGOs and researchers on sustainable cultivation of wheat landraces and role of biodiversity in mitigation of adverse effects of climate change.

Important part of the project activities was characterization of wheat 85 wheat landraces currently collected from Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey along with modern winter wheat germplasm adapted to irrigated and rainfed conditions and checks making the total 158 entries. The sets was thoroughly phenotyped for agronomic and physiological traits in Turkey (Konya, Ankara and Sakarya provinces) in 2018 and 2019, in Afghanistan (Kabul) in 2019 and in Iran (Maragheh) in 2019. The ITPGR requirement to the project was to make the data freely available through the Multilateral System.

The phenotyping of the trial was supported by ITPGRFA Project No: W2B-PR-41-Turkey with funding from the European Union. CIMMYT-Turkey is supported by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of the Turkish Republic and CRP WHEAT.

The file contained in this study provides both phenotypic and genotypic data for the landraces.

Replication Data for: Effect of Inoculating Seeds with Bradyrhizobium japonicum on the Agronomic Performance of Five Varieties of Soybean (Glycine max) in Côte d’Ivoire

Recent studies in the Nawa region of Cote d’Ivoire have indicated an acute malnutrition rate of 11.3% among cocoa producers. One of recommended actions from the studies was to diversify agriculture with nutrients rich crops. Introduction of soybean (Glycine max) cropping system could go a long way to ensure food and nutritional security in the region. The current study was conducted in two sites (Logboayo and Soubré) in the south-west of Cote d’Ivoire, to evaluate the effect of IRAT-FA3 Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain inoculum on the agronomic performance of five varieties of soybean named Doko, Canarana, V3_2013, V6_2013 and IT_235. The experimental design was randomized complete block with a split plot with inoculation as the main factor and variety of soybean as subplot treatment replicated three times. Data were collected on some yield parameters and the grain yield. Results of yield showed a highly significant effect (P<0.0001) of the site and a significant effect (P=0.0316) of the variety x treatment interaction. Highest yield was recorded at Logboayo with 1838 kg ha-1 compared to 1220 kg ha-1 for Soubre. The variety V6_2013 with a yield of 1931 kg ha-1 and good vegetative development could be recommended as elite variety for the farmers in the Nawa region.

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife

This dataset is the result of the frontline health workers/auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.


The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) survey (along with the other 2 FLW’s surveys: AWW, and ASHA) gathered data on service provision by government FLWs and other health care providers. Data were also gathered on FLWs’ time commitment, knowledge, and training related to maternal nutrition, and their job motivation, and supervision.

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Households – Pregnant Women

This dataset is the result of the household/pregnant women (PW) survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.


A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.



The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).


The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The household survey for pregnant women (PW) captured the main impact indicators for A&T (consumption of IFA and calcium, maternal dietary diversity, quantity and quality of diet, breastfeeding practices), use of NC services and exposure to A&T’s intervention platforms, and a variety of other data related to the use of the interventions. This included data on caregiver knowledge and perceptions about maternal nutrition, caregiver resources (such as education, physical and mental health, decision-making power, and domestic violence) and household resources (such as household composition, socioeconomic status, and food security).

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Anganwadi workers

This dataset is the result of the frontline health workers/anganwadi workers (AWW) survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.


The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The anganwadi workers (AWW) survey (along with the other 2 FLW’s surveys: ASHA and ANM) gathered data on service provision by government FLWs and other health care providers. Data were also gathered on FLWs’ time commitment, knowledge, and training related to maternal nutrition, and their job motivation, and supervision.

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Accredited Social Health Activist

This dataset is the result of the frontline health workers/accredited social health activist (ASHA) survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.


The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The accredited social health activist (ASHA) survey (along with the other 2 FLW’s surveys: AWW and ANM) gathered data on service provision by government FLWs and other health care providers. Data were also gathered on FLWs’ time commitment, knowledge, and training related to maternal nutrition, and their job motivation, and supervision.

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Households – Husbands

This dataset is the result of the household/husbands survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.


The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The husbands survey provided data on their knowledge of maternal nutrition during pregnancy, and practices to support women to have optimal nutrition during pregnancy and after delivery.

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Households – Recently Delivered Women

This dataset is the result of the household/recently delivered women (RDW) survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.



The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The household survey for recently delivered women (RDW) captured the main impact indicators for A&T (consumption of IFA and calcium, maternal dietary diversity, quantity and quality of diet, breastfeeding practices), use of NC services and exposure to A&T’s intervention platforms, and a variety of other data related to the use of the interventions. This included data on caregiver knowledge and perceptions about maternal nutrition, caregiver resources (such as education, physical and mental health, decision-making power, and domestic violence) and household resources (such as household composition, socioeconomic status, and food security).

A&T India Maternal Nutrition Baseline Survey 2017: Households – Mothers/Mothers-in-Law

This dataset is the result of the household/mothers/mothers-in-law survey that was conducted to gather data for the Maternal Nutrition Baseline as a part of an impact evaluation study of the Alive & Thrive (A&T) interventions delivered through the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child Health (RMNCH) services in India. These include provision of iron and folic acid (IFA) and calcium supplements, interpersonal counseling on diet during pregnancy and consumption of IFA and calcium, community mobilization, and adequate weight-gain monitoring during pregnancy.



A&T is a global initiative that supports the scaling up of nutrition interventions to save lives, prevent illnesses, and contribute to healthy growth and development through improved maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices.



Using a cluster randomized evaluation design, the primary objectives of the A&T evaluation study in India are to answer the following questions :

1) Can the coverage and utilization of key maternal nutrition interventions be improved by integrating nutrition-focused social behavior change (SBC) communication and systems strengthening approaches into antenatal care (ANC) services under the RMNCH program?

2) What factors affect effective integration of maternal nutrition interventions into a well-established government ANC service delivery platform under the RMNCH program?

3) What are the impacts of the program on i) consumption of diversified foods and adequate intake of micronutrient, protein, and energy compared to recommended intake; ii) intake of IFA and calcium supplements during pregnancy; iii) weight gain monitoring; and iv) early initiation of breastfeeding.


The baseline survey was conducted in 26 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Thirteen blocks from two districts (Kanpur Dehat and Unnao) were randomly allocated to receive intensified maternal nutrition interventions. Another 13 blocks from the same two districts were randomly allocated to the comparison groups. The survey took place between October and December 2017 by the team from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), in collaboration with the survey firm, NEERMAN (Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management).



The baseline survey comprised 7 questionnaires: 1) Household questionnaire for recently delivered women (RDW) with children <6 months of age, 2) Household questionnaire for pregnant women (PW) of the second and third trimester of pregnancy (with detailed dietary recall), 3) Household questionnaire for husbands of PWs and husbands of RDWs, 4) Household questionnaire for mothers/mothers-in-law of PWs and mothers/mothers-in-law of RDWs, 5) Frontline health workers: Anganwadi workers (AWW), 6) Frontline health workers: Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), and 7) Frontline health workers: Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM).



The mothers/mothers-in-law survey provided data on their knowledge of maternal nutrition during pregnancy, and practices to support women to have optimal nutrition during pregnancy and after delivery.

Soil and yield in legume niche exploration

The project aims at facilitating the smart integration and use of multi-purpose legumes, providing food, protein, feed, fuel, and/or organic matter in smallholder crop-livestock farming systems. It provides knowledge and tools to farmers to assist in making rational decisions in the choice of legumes so to enhance short and long-term contributions of multi-purpose legumes to farmer livelihoods. During the identification of niches for chosen legumes, soil and yield were collected on the plots where the legumes were grown.