SUMMARIES: Trees on farm contribution to family livelihoods and ecosystem services in Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Lansdcape

A series of studies conducted as part of the long term research program in the Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Landscape. Since 2015 a series of studies have been developed to understand how trees on farms contribute to conserve biodiversity, ecosystem processes and improvement of people livelihood and food security. The studies have been developed along three Nicaraguan municipalities El Tuma-La Dalia, Waslala and Siuna. 120 farms and 570 land use plots have been measured considering both biophysical and socioeconomic variables. At plot and farm level data was generated to understand taxonomic tree diversity, trees production, soil characteristics, and an extensive information to describe farm management and economic indicators. Complementary, other partner institutions have been also developed studies in a subset of the 120 farms related with gender and farm perception. The present files contain a summary of the type of available data and a complete tree species list. The three files are:
* A compiled and checked species list for trees collected in all plots.
* General description of the 120 farms and their geographic location.
* Type of data available at farm and plot level for 120 farms.

A 1997 Social Accounting Matrix for Honduras

Contrary to the previous Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Honduras, the 1997 SAM largely disaggregates activities, labour and households. It draws from Central Bank’s estimates in disaggregating an intermediate demand system for Honduras. As a result, the 1997 SAM permits a meaningful and detailed analysis of the productive structure of the economy as well as alternative trade reforms and income distribution channels. Agricultural activities are further disaggregated into traditional exports, non-traditional exports, and subsistence sectors. Similarly, manufactures are further disaggregated into multiple sectors. Key activities in the economy such as coffee, banana and sugar production or textile manufacturing are all individually accounted for. Labour is disaggregated according to skill, gender and occupation, while households are classified according to these criteria in addition to geographical location (urban vs. rural). Finally, the paper describes both the macroeconomic and microeconomic SAMs, paying special attention to a careful documentation of data sources, assumptions, and balancing methods.

Farm system characterization of two municipalities in the Nicaragua-Honduras Sentinel Landscape

The purpose of this survey was to characterize family farming systems in the Nicaragua north central region. Household survey was carried on in 90 farms from El-Tuma La Dalia and Waslala. Five most dominant land types were studied for each farm system: cacao plantations, coffee plantations, basic grains, pastures, and patios was collected. The following information was collected based on structured interview to the household head or farm manager:

a) General information of the property: location of the farm, long owning property, land uses, number of farms, cooperatives or links to projects related to agricultural activity.
b) Household composition: household members, age, sex, education, outside farm economic activities.
c) Food security: food origin, difficulty to feed the family long one calendar year, and cost of food over the last year (product, quantity, price and period).
d) General characteristics of the farm: farm diversification, type of productive systems, type of crop, area, livestock.
e) General characteristics of land use: area, previous use, years of managing the use, planting distance, seeded varieties.
f) Productivity: crop yields and animal production, maximum historical production, minimal production and normal (most common).
g) Livestock and crop management: cropping activities and periodicity, type and quantity of inputs (fertilizers, man labor, etc.)
h) Agroecological practices: associations, rotations, etc., soil and water practices conservation.
i) Farm income and marketing products.