Quantifying potential economic benefits of blast-resistant biofortified wheat in Bangladesh: The case of BARI Gom 33

For the first time in history, the emergence of wheat-blast in Bangladesh has generated major food security concerns. The Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) together with the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) developed and released the wheat variety BARI Gom 33 that is resistant to wheat blast and other common diseases. The new variety provides a 5-8% yield gain over the available popular varieties, as well as being zinc enriched. This study examines the potential economic benefits of BARI Gom 33 in Bangladesh. First, applying a climate analogue model, this study identified that more than 55% of the total wheat area in Bangladesh (across 45 districts) is vulnerable to wheat blast. Second, applying an ex-ante impact assessment framework, this study shows that with an assumed cumulative adoption starting from 2019-20 increasing up to 30% by 2027, the potential economic benefits of the newly developed wheat variety by 2029-30, far exceeds its dissemination costs. Even if dissemination of the new wheat variety is limited to only the ten currently blast-affected districts, the yearly average net benefits amount to USD 0.23-1.6 million. Based on the findings, the international donor agencies are urged to support the national system in scaling out the new wheat variety and wheat research in general to ensure overall food security in South Asia.

Experiences With and Preferences for Drip Irrigation Systems in Punjab, Pakistan

The data in this study were collected to assess preferences with respect to drip irrigation systems, which was promoted under Punjab Irrigated-Agriculture Productivity Improvement Project (PIPIP) in Pakistan. The survey was conducted among 475 households across four districts (Attok, Chakwal, Layyah, and Sahiwal) in the Punjab province of Pakistan. These districts capture contrasting agroecological zones as well as contrasting agricultural systems. The survey was designed primarily to capture differential preferences along a gradient of drip irrigation experience and exposure. In addition, the survey collects household information such as education, farm holdings, cropping systems, and patterns.

Papua New Guinea Household Survey on Food Systems, 2018

In May – July, 2018, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) implemented a rural household survey to investigate the food systems of rural households in four lowland areas of Papua New Guinea and how they assure sufficient food to meet the nutritional needs of their household members. The survey was implemented in East Sepik (Maprik), Sandaun / West Sepik (Nuku), and Madang (Middle Ramu) provinces (districts) and the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (ARoB – Buin and Siwai areas of Southern Bougainville). A total of 1,026 households were surveyed. The survey set out to achieve two goals: 1) use the household survey results to inform agricultural productivity, enhanced food security, child nutrition outcomes; and 2) collect baseline data for recently development programs supported by World Vision (WV).
The rural household survey includes modules on:

    1. Household characteristics (demographics, education, migration, etc.)

    2. Agricultural production (crop production, use of household labor, etc.)

    3. Household assets (production equipment and consumer durables, livestock ownership, and housing quality)

    4. Income apart from own agricultural activities (wage employment, own business activities, and income transfers and gifts)

    5. Consumption and expenditures (nonfood expenditures, food consumption, and dietary diversity)

    6. Economic shocks and food insecurity (perceptions of poverty, recent food insecurity, and health and nutrition extension)

    7. Gender roles and social expectations (asked separately for men and women)

    8. Female health (pregnancy care and breastfeeding practices)

    9. Child health (healthcare, vaccinations, and anthropometry)